Periodontal Care


Periodontal Care

Periodontal disease and decay are both caused by bacterial plaque – a sticky colorless film, which sticks to your teeth at and below the gum line. Plaque constantly forms on your teeth beginning within minutes after cleaning. If not carefully removed by daily brushing and flossing, plaque hardens into a rough, porous substance known as calculus. This cannot be removed without professional cleaning.
Periodontal disease is an inflammatory process beginning in the gums. The bacteria found in plaque produces toxins that irritate the gums, which may cause them to turn red, swell and bleed easily. Pain is usually not associated with periodontal disease. If this irritation is prolonged, the gums separate from the teeth, causing pockets (spaces) to form. Untreated, the disease progresses down the root surface into the underlying bone. The end result is the supporting gum tissue and bone that holds teeth in place deteriorate resulting in bone loss which destroys the support of your natural teeth leading to tooth loss.

Periodontal Therapy

Periodontal treatment is necessary when various conditions affect the health of your gums and the regions of your jawbone that hold your teeth in place. Retaining your teeth is directly dependent on proper periodontal care and maintenance. Healthy gums enhance the appearance of your teeth, like a frame around a beautiful painting. When your gums become unhealthy, they can either recede or become swollen and red. In later stages, the supporting bone is destroyed and your teeth will shift, loosen or fall out. These changes not only affect your ability to chew and speak, but they also affect your smile.

Periodontal Debridement

Debridement is the removal of heavy plaque and calculus from your teeth; it is usually the first step in treating periodontal disease. The plaque and calculus are removed with an ultrasonic scaler. Gentle and effective, this tool removes the build-up with water and high-frequency waves.

Scaling and Root Planing

For plaque and calculus below the gum line, we use scaling and root planning, a conservative, non-invasive and efficient treatment method. The tooth roots may also be planed. This procedure smooths the root surface, allowing the gum tissue to heal and reattach to the tooth.
Periodontal disease is avoidable. Call (978) 562-9101 or book an appointment online.

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